Rabu, 02 Desember 2009

IRREGULAR VERBS

IRREGULAR VERBS

Kata kerja tak beraturan

Kata-kata kerja yang tidak mematuhi peraturan yang normal yang bentuk lampaunya tidak dibentuk dari infinitif ditambah ed atau d disebut irregular verbs. Dibawah ini daftar kata-kata kerja tak beraturan

IRREGULAR VERBS

I. Ketiga-tiganya berbeda.

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

1. Verbs that pattern like: sing, sang, sung

begin began begun beginning mulai

drink drank drunk drinking minum

ring rang rung ringing berdering

shrink shrank,shrunk shrunk shrinking menyusut

sing sang sung singing menyanyi

sink sank sunk sinking tenggelam

spring sprang, sprung sprung springing membuka

swim swam swum swimming berenang

2. Verbs that pattern like: break, broke, broken

break broke broken breaking pecah

choose chose chosen choosing memilih

freeze froze frozen freezing membeku

steal stole stolen stealing mencuri

speak spoke spoken speaking berbicara

3. Verbs that pattern like: blow, blew, blown

blow blew blown blowing bertiup

draw drew drawn drawing menggambar

fly flew flown flying terbang

grow grew grown growing tumbuh, timbul

know knew known knowing mengetahui,

throw threw thrown throwing melemparkan

withdraw withdrew withdrawn withdrawing mencabut

4. Verbs that pattern like: drive, drove, driven

drive drove driven driving mengendarai

ride rode ridden riding menunggang

(a)rise (a)rose (a)risen rising naik, terbit

strive strove striven striving menuju, mengejar cita

smite smote smitten smitting memukul

stride strode stridden striding melangkah

shave shaved shaven shaving mencukur

strike struck stricken striking memukul

write wrote written writing menulis

5. Verbs that pattern like: wear, wore, worn

bear bore borne, born bearing memikul

swear swore sworn swearing bersumpah

tear tore torn tearing merobek

wear wore worn wearing memakai

6. Verbs that pattern like: bite, bit, bitten

bite bit bitten,bit biting menggigit

chide chid chidden chiding mencaci

hide hid hidden hiding bersembunyi

7. Verbs that pattern like: shake, shook, shaken

mistake mistook mistaken mistaking salah mengira

partake partook partaken partaking mengambil bagian

shake shook shaken shaking bergoncang

take took taken taking mengambil

forsake forsook forsaken forsaking meninggalkan

8. Verbs that pattern like: give, gave, given

forbid forbad(e) forbidden forbidding melarang

forgive forgave forgiven forgiving memaafkan

give gave given giving memberi

9. Verbs that pattern like: mow, mowed, wown

mow mowed mown mowing memotong rumput

hew hewed hewn hewing menebang

sew sewed sewn, sewed sewing menjahit

sow sowed sown, sowed sowing menaburkan

saw sawed sawn, sawed sawing menggergaji

show showed shown, showed showing mempertunjukkan

strew strewed strewn strewing menabur

prove proved proven proving membuktikan

swell swelled swollen, swelled swelling membengkak,

10. Miscellaneous

(a)wake (a)woke (a)woken waking berjaga, melek

be (am,is,are) was, were been ialah, adalah

do did done doing mengerjakan

go went gone going pergi

lie lay lain lying terletak

dive dove dived diving menyelam

eat ate eaten eating makan

fall fell fallen falling jatuh

see saw seen seeing melihat

slay slew slain slaying membunuh

II. Kedua dan ketiganya sama

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

1. Verbs that pattern like: hang, hung, hung

cling clung clung clinging berpegangan

dig dug dug digging menggali

hang hung hung slinging bergantung

sling slung slung slinging melemparkan

spin spun spun spinning memintal

stick stuck stuck sticking menempelkan

string strung strung stringing memberi tali

sting stung stung stinging menyengat

strike struck struck striking memukul

swing swung swung swinging mengayunkan

wring wrung wrung wringing memeras

2. Verbs that pattern like: feed, fed, fed

bleed bled bled bleeding berdarah

breed bred bred breeding memelihara

creep crept crept creeping merangkak

dream dreamed, dreamt dreamed, dreamt dreaming bermimpi

feed fed fed feeding memberi makan

feel felt felt feeling merasa

flee fled fled fleeing melarikan diri

keep kept kept keeping menyimpan

kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled kneeling berlutut

lead led led leading memimpin

leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped leaping meloncat(i)

leave left left leaving meninggalkan

mean meant meant meaning berarti,bermaksud

meet met met meeting bertemu

sleep slept slept sleeping tidur

speed sped, speeded sped, speeded speeding mempercepat

sweep swept swept sweeping menyapu

weep wept wept weeping menangis

3. Verbs that pattern like: bring, brought, brought

beseech besought besought, beseeched beseeching memohon

bring brought brought bringing membawa

buy bought bought buying membeli

catch caught caught catching menangkap

fight fought fought fighting berkelahi

seek sought sought seeking mencari

teach taught taught teaching mengajar

think thought thought thinking mengira

4. Verbs that pattern like: bend, bent, bent

bend bent, bended bent, bended bending membengkokkan

lend lent lent lending meminjamkan

rend rent rent rending membelah

send sent sent sending mengirim

spend spent spent spending mengeluarkan

5. Verbs that pattern like: bind, bound, bound

bind bound bound binding mengikat

find found found finding menemukan

grind ground ground grinding menggiling

wind wound wound winding berputar-putar

6. Verbs that pattern like: pay, paid, paid

lay laid laid laying menaruh

mislay mislaid mislaid mislaying salah meletakkan

pay paid paid paying membayar

say said said saying berkata

7. Verbs that pattern like: sell, sold, sold

sell sold sold selling menjual

tell told told telling memberitahu,cerita

8. Miscellaneous

abide abode abode abiding berdiam

build built built building membangun

clothe clad (clothed) clad clothing membeli sandang

forget forgot forgotten forgetting lupa,melupakan

get got got, gotten getting memperoleh

have(has) had had having mempunyai

hear heard heard hearing mendengar

hold held held holding memegang

light lighted,lit lighted, lit lighting menyalakan

lose lost lost losing kehilangan

make made made making membuat

shine shone shone shining bersinar

shoe shod shod shoeing memasang ladam

shoot shot shot shooting menembak

sit sat sat sitting duduk

slide slid slidden sliding longsor, meluncur

stand stood stood standing berdiri

understand understood understood understanding mengerti

withstand withstood withstood withstanding menahan

win won won winning menang

dwell dwelt dwelt dwelling bertempat tinggal

fling flung flung flinging membuang

lean leant, leaned leant, leaned leaning bersandar

learn learnt, learned learnt, learned learning belajar

blend blended blended, blent blending bercampur

bless blessed, blest blessed, blest blessing memberkati

burn burnt, burned burnt, burned burning membakar

crow crowed, crew crowed crowing berkokok,bangga

melt melted melted, molten melting melebur

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood misunderstanding salah paham

smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled smelling berbau,mencium

spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled spelling mengeja

spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled spilling menumpahkan

spit spat, spit spat, spit spitting meludah

spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled spoiling merusakkan

withhold withheld withheld withholding menyembunyikan

withstand withstood withstood withstanding melawan,menahan

III. KETIGA-TIGANYA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) -ing form Arti

bet bet bet betting bertaruh

cost cost cost berharga

burst burst burst bursting merekah,meledak

cut cut cut cutting memotong

hit hit hit hitting memukul

hurt hurt hurt hurting melukai

let let let letting membiarkan

put put put putting meletakkan

set set set setting mengatur,menyetel

broadcast broadcast broadcast broadcasting memancarkan

forecast forecast forecast forecasting meramalkan

quit quit,quitted quit,quitted quitting melepaskan

read read (baca: red) read (baca: red) reading membaca

shut shut shut shutting menutup

slit slit slit slitting membelah

split split split splitting membelah

spread spread spread spreading membentangkan

sweat sweat sweat sweating berkeringat

thrust thrust thrust thrusting mendorong

wet wet wet wetting membasahi

knit knitted, knit knitted, knit knitting merajut

IV. PERTAMA DAN KETIGA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) Arti

come came come coming datang

become became become becoming menjadi

overcome overcame overcome overcoming mengalahkan

run ran run running lari, berlari

V. PERTAMA DAN KEDUA SAMA

Infinitive Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) Arti

beat beat beaten, beat beating memukul

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